The site was finally abandoned in the thirteen century (Nallbani et al. In addition, four fragmentary liturgical glass vessels from the annex of the main church and from the settlement around the church of St. While the beads were used to demonstrate status and prestige and were culturally associated with Slavic traditions (Wood The samples analysed in this study were selected to cover the entire range of different typologies, colours and techniques identified among the assemblages from the two necropoleis at Lezha and Komani (Table ).
The cleaned but otherwise unprepared glass beads and fragments were analysed by Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS).
It thus appears that the supply of beads during the seventh century when the Balkans were under Slavic occupation relied on regional production and recycled material, and that a long-distance trade with the eastern Mediterranean was revived following the Byzantine re-conquest of the south-eastern Adriatic in the ninth century.
Intriguingly, the Albanian finds confirm the Islamic control of the production and trade of glass beads during this period and highlight the mediatory role of the Byzantine Empire.).
Workshops of hot-cut beads have been found in Egypt, at Kom-el-Dikka near Alexandria, dating to the fifth and sixth centuries, and at seventh- to eleventh-century Fustat (Arveiller-Dulong and Nenna ).
Following an interval of about two centuries, the long-distance trade of glass beads experienced a revival in the ninth century, after the Abbasid capital and political focus had shifted eastwards from Damascus to Baghdad (Sode ).The presence of a high lead-iron-natron variant is of particular interest as it potentially reflects a regional production.The ninth-century beads from Komani are made from soda-rich plant ash glass from the eastern Mediterranean and Mesopotamia and correspond to an Islamic typology.The analyses were conducted at the Centre Ernest-Babelon of the IRAMAT (Orléans), using a Thermofisher Element XR combined with a Resonetic UV laser microprobe (Ar F 193 nm) for the direct analyses of solid samples (Gratuze ).Single-point analyses were carried out with a laser beam diameter of 100 μm, operated at 5 m J and a pulse frequency of 10 Hz.